J Korean Diabetes > Volume 13(4); 2012 > Article
The Journal of Korean Diabetes 2012;13(4):187-190.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.4093/jkd.2012.13.4.187    Published online December 27, 2012.
부하 심초음파 검사와 경동맥 내막-중막 두께 측정
김성환
Stress Echocardiography and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Diabetic Patients.
Seong Hwan Kim
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea. cardioguy@korea.ac.kr
Abstract
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a main cause of death in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). The major heart diseases related to DM include coronary artery disease and diabetic cardiomyopathy. In addition, type 2 DM is known to an independent risk factor for stroke. Even though a variety of non-invasive modalities exist to detect CVD in diabetic patients, echocardiography including stress echocardiography and tissue Doppler technique is a safe and reliable tool for detection of CVD. In addition, the accuracy and prognostic long-term information of stress echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging are validated by a number of previous studies in diabetic patients. Recent advances in imaging modalities, such as contrast echocardiography, strain and strain rate, allow accurate diagnosis and the quantitative assessment of myocardium in preference to coronary blood flow. Carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) measurement shows good reproducibility and has been used as a surrogate marker of atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetic patients. The role of cIMT as a predictor of stroke was also demonstrated in type 2 DM. In this article, we review the usefulness of stress echocardiography and cIMT measurement for diagnosis of CVD and the risk stratification in a diabetic population.
Key Words: Echocardiography, Carotid intima-media thickness, Diabetes mellitus


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